All About 1973

 

Inflation has a significant impact on people’s lives around the world with the inflation rate running at 6.16%. This causes problems in every aspect of people’s lives from the price of Gas, Food and Bills , which in turn causes higher wages and the spiral continues, much of this is caused by the Arab members of the (OPEC) restricting the flow of oil to countries supporting Israel as part of the Yom Kippur War. 

Meanwhile two important cases dominate the news with Roe v. Wade making abortion a US constitutional right on the 22nd January and the start of the Watergate hearings in the US Senate, and due to price increase of gas the Japanese car manufacturers with smaller engines and more efficient have an impact of the US car industry.

President: Richard M. Nixon

Vice President: Spiro T. Agnew

US Population: 211,908,788

Life expectancy: 71.4 years

Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 41.5

Property Crime Rate (per 1,000): 37.4

World Population: 3.937 billion

Cost Of Living 1973

Yearly Inflation Rate 6.16% 

Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 850

Cost of new house $32,500.00 

Average Income per year $12,900.00 

Average Monthly Rent $175.00 

Cost of a gallon of Gas 40 cents 

AMC Javelin car $2,900.00 

A Dozen Eggs 45 cents 

Popular Culture 1973

•Elvis Presley's Aloha From Hawaii television special is seen around the world by more than 1 billion viewers

Popular Films

•The Exorcist

•Deliverance

•Live and Let Die

•Paper Moon

•Last Tango in Paris

•Jesus Christ Superstar

•American Graffiti

•Lady Sings the Blues

•The Sting

Popular Musicians and songs

•Stevie Wonder

•ABBA

•The Eagles

•John Lennon

•Paul Simon

•Pink Floyd " Dark Side Of The Moon "

•Rod Stewart

•Michael Jackson

•Elton John with " Crocodile Rock "

•Rolling Stones with " Angie "

•The Moody Blues

•David Bowie

•Led Zeppelin

•Wizzard

•Electric Light Orchestra

•Paul McCartney and Wings with " My Love "

•Bob Marley and the Wailers

•Diana Ross

Popular TV Shows

•All in the Family (CBS)

•The Waltons (CBS)

•Sanford and Son (NBC)

•M*A*S*H (CBS)

•Hawaii Five-O (CBS)

•Maude (CBS)

•Kojak (CBS)

•The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour (CBS)

•The Mary Tyler Moore Show (CBS)

•Cannon (CBS)

•The Odd Couple

•The Partridge Family

•Columbo

•McMillan and Wife

•The Bob Newhart Show

•The Price Is Right

Books

Daniel Boorstin, The Americans: The Democratic Experience, Vol. 3

Duke Ellington, Music is My Mistress

Thomas McGuane, Ninety-Two in the Shade

Czeslaw Milosz, Selected Poems

Joyce Carol Oates, Do With Me What You Will

Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow

Kurt Vonnegut, Breakfast of Champions

Born in 1973

Monica Seles, December 2nd

Tyra Banks, December 4th

Monica Lewinsky, July 23rd

Kate Beckinsale, July 26th

Celebrity Deaths

Jim Croce, American singer-songwriter (Airplane accident)

Bruce Lee, Chinese American martial artist, actor, martial arts instructor, philosopher, and filmmaker (brain edema, allergy or mysterious kung fu maneuver)

W.H. Auden, poet

Pearl S. Buck, American writer 

Betty Grable, actress

Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer 

Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the United States

Major World Political Leaders 1973

Australia Prime Minister 

Brazil President Emilio Gough Whitlam Medici 

Canada Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau 

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Dong Biwu 

France President Georges Pompidou 

Germany Chancellor Willy Brandt 

India Prime Minister Indira Gandhi 

Italy Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti until 7 July, Mariano Rumor after 26 July 

Japan Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka 

Mexico President Luis Echeverría 

Russia / Soviet Union First Secretary of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev 

South Africa Prime Minister Balthazar Johannes Vorster 

United States President Richard Nixon 

United Kingdom Prime Minister Edward Heath 

Popular Toys of 1973

It is fun to look back in time to the 1973 toys we played with when we were children. Included on this page are Barbie and early Battery Powered Cars, Crazy Buggy Racers, Roy Rogers Guitar, Pedal Cars, Ceramic Figure Making Kit, Walkie Talkie Sets, Hoppity Hops, Pocket Transistor Radios, Silly Putty, Woodworking Tools Kit For Kids, and View Master Projector Set.

Most Popular Christmas gifts, toys and presents: Anti-Monopoly, Raleigh Chopper Bikes, Toy guns, Shrinky Dinks, Pente, Dungeons and Dragons

Sports

World Series Champions:Oakland Athletics    Oakland A's d. NY Mets (4-3)

Superbowl VII Champions:Miami Dolphins      Miami d. Washington (14-7)

Cost of a Superbowl ad: $88,000

NBA Champions:New York Knicks      New York d. LA Lakers (4-1)

Stanley Cup Champs:Montreal Canadiens      Montreal d. Chicago (4-2)

U.S. Open Golf:Johnny Miller

U.S. Tennis: (Men/Ladies)John Newcombe / Margaret Smith Court

Wimbledon

    Women: Billie Jean King d. C. Evert (6-0 7-5)

    Men: Jan Kodes d. A. Metreveli (6-1 9-8 6-3)

NCAA Football Champions:Notre Dame (AP, FW, NFF) (11-0-0) & Alabama (UPI) (11-1-0)

NCAA Basketball Champions:UCLA

Kentucky Derby Champion: Secretariat (also won the Triple Crown: Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes)

NCAA Basketball Championship:  UCLA d. Memphis St. (87-66)

Famous Quotes

"My brain? But that's my second favorite organ!" - Woody Allen, in 'Sleeper'

"People have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook. I've earned everything I've got." - President Richard Nixon

"It's people! Soylent Green is made of people!" - Charlton Heston, in 'Soylent Green'

Slogans

 "Have it your way" - Burger King

"The uncola" - 7 Up

Time Magazine's Man of the YearJohn Sirica

Miss America:Terry Meeuwsen (De Pere, WI)

Miss USA:Amanda Jones (Illinois)

The Scandal:Sacheen Littlefeather accepted the Best Actor Award for Marlon Brando in The Godfather. He didn't accept the award in person because of the treatment of Native American Indians. She was actually an actress who later appeared in Playboy magazine. 

Pulitzer Prizes

Fiction: The Optimist's Daughter, Eudora Welty

Music: String Quartet No. 3, Elliott Carter

Drama: That Championship Season, Jason Miller

Awards and Prizes

Academy Award, Best Picture: The Godfather, Albert S. Ruddy, producer (Paramount)

Best Film Oscar Winner:The Sting

Nobel Prize for Literature: Patrick White (Australia)

Record of the Year: "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face," Roberta Flack

Album of the Year: The Concert for Bangla Desh, George Harrison, Ravi Shanker, Bob Dylan, Leon Russell, Ringo Starr, Billy Preston, Eric Clapton and Klaus Voormann (Apple)

Song of the Year: "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face," Ewan MacColl, songwriter

Nobel Peace Prize: Henry A. Kissinger (US); Le Duc Tho (North Vietnam)

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Ernst Otto Fischer (W. Germany) and Geoffrey Wilkinson (UK), for work that could solve problem of automobile exhaust pollution

Physics: Ivar Giaever (US), Leo Esaki (Japan), and Brian D. Josephson (UK), for theories that have advanced and expanded the field of miniature electronics

Physiology or Medicine: Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz (both Austria), and Nikolaas Tinbergen (Netherlands), for their studies of individual and social behavior patterns

1973 Billboard Number One Songs

December 16, 1972 - January 5, 1973: Me and Mrs. Jones - Billy Paul

January 6 - January 26: You're So Vain - Carly Simon

January 27 - February 2: Superstition - Stevie Wonder

February 3 - February 23: Crocodile Rock - Elton John

February 24 - March 23: Killing Me Softly With His Song - Roberta Flack 

March 24 - April 6: Love Train - O'Jays 

April 7 - April 20: The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia - Vicki Lawrence

April 21 - May 18: Tie A Yellow Ribbon Round The Ole Oak Tree - Dawn Featuring Tony Orlando

May 19 - May 25: You Are The Sunshine Of My Life - Stevie Wonder

May 26 - June 1: Frankenstein - The Edgar Winter Group

June 2 - June 29: My Love - Paul McCartney & Wings

June 30 - July 6: Give Me Love - (Give Me Peace On Earth) - George Harrison

July 7 - July 20: Will It Go Round In Circles - Billy Preston

July 21 - August 3: Bad, Bad Leroy Brown - Jim Croce

August 4 - August 17: The Morning After - Maureen McGovern

August 18- August 25: Touch Me in the Morning - Diana Ross

August 25 - September 8: Brother Louie – Stories 

September 8 - September 14: Let's Get It On - Marvin Gaye

September 15 - September 28: Delta Dawn - Helen Reddy

September 29 - October 5: We're An American Band - Grand Funk

October 6 - October 19: Half-Breed - Cher

October 20 - October 26: Angie - The Rolling Stones

October 27 - November 9: Midnight Train To Georgia - Gladys Knight & The Pips

November 10 - November 23: Keep On Truckin' - (Part 1) Eddie Kendricks

November 24 - November 30: Photograph - Ringo Starr

December 1 - December 14: Top Of The World - The Carpenters

December 15 - December 28: The Most Beautiful Girl - Charlie Rich

December 29, 1972 - January 11, 1974: Time In A Bottle - Jim Croce

 

What you were watching on TV:

•The Rookies

•Monday Night Football

•Gunsmoke

•Lucy Show

•Doris Day Show

•New Bill Cosby Show

•Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In

•Marcus Welby, M.D.

•Maude

•Hawaii Five-O

•Bonanza

•New Doctors / Bold Ones

•Paul Lynde Show

•Julie Andrews Hour

•Carol Burnett Show

•Medical Center

•Cannon

•Adam 12

•Madigan / Cool Million / Banacek

•Mod Squad

•Owen Marshall

•Waltons

•Flip Wilson Show

•Ironside

•Dean Martin Show

•Brady Bunch

•Partridge Family

•Room 222

•Odd Couple

•Love, American Style

•Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour

•Sanford & Son

•Banyon

•Alias Smith & Jones

•Streets of San Francisco

•The Sixth Sense

•All in the Family

•Bridget Loves Bernie

•Mary Tyler Moore

•Bob Newhart Show

•Mission: Impossible

•Emergency!

•The FBI

•M*A*S*H*

•Sandy Duncan Show

•New Dick Van Dyke Show

•Mannix

•Wonderful World of Disney

•McCloud

•Columbo

•McMillan & Wife

•Night Gallery

•Shaft

•The Magician

•Police Story

•Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice

•Kojak

•Love Story

•Kung Fu

•Girl with Something Extra

•Brian Keith Show

•New Adventures of Perry Mason

•Barnaby Jones

 

Albums you might have been listening to in 1973:

•Al Green - Call Me

•Allman Brothers Band - Brothers and Sisters

•Bee Gees - Life in a Tin Can

•Bill Monroe - Bean Blossom

•Bob Marley & The Wailers - Burnin'

•Bruce Springsteen - The Wild, The Innocent & The E Street Shuffle

•Carpenters - Now and Then

•Chicago - VI

•Eagles - Desperado

•Elton John - Don't Shoot I'm Only the Piano Player

•Elton John - Goodbye Yellow Brick Road

•Gram Parsons - GP and Grievous Angel

•Iggy & The Stooges - Raw Power

•Jimmy Cliff - The Hard they Come

•John Cale - Paris 1919

•John Prine - Sweet Revenge

•Led Zeppelin - Houses of the Holy

•Marvin Gaye - Let's Get it On

•Olivia Newton-John - Let Me Be There

•Paul McCartney & Wings - Red Rose Speedway

•Paul McCartney and Wings - Band On The Run

•Paul Simon - There Goes Rhymin' Simon

•Pink Floyd - Dark Side Of The Moon

•Roberta Flack - Killing Me Softly

•Sly & The Family Stone - Fresh Spinners

•Steely Dan - Countdown To Ecstasy

•Stevie Wonder - Innervisions

•The Who - Quadrophenia

•Tom Waits - Closing Time

 

Timeline

January 20: President Nixon is inaugurated for his second term.

January 22: All state laws preventing a woman's right to an abortion during the first three months are ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

January 23: A cease-fire agreement between the U.S. and Vietnam is announced in Paris. 

January 27: The cease-fire agreement is signed and the military draft ends in the United States.

February 12: The first U.S. prisoners of war are handed over near Hanoi.

February 14: The first returning U.S. POWs land at Travis Air Force Base in California.

April 8: Spanish artist Pablo Picasso dies at age 91.

April 30: Nixon henchmen H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman and Attorney General Richard Kleindienst resign while Nixon fires John Dean as White House counsel.

May 7: Thanks to the Watergate efforts of Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, the Washington Post wins a Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting.

May 17: Senator Sam Ervin's Watergate hearings begin.

June 9: Secretariat becomes the first horse since 1948 to win the Triple Crown.

July 16: The White House admits that recording equipment has been used to tape virtually all presidential meetings.

August 22: Henry Kissinger is named U.S. secretary of state.

September 11: Chilean President Salvador Allende is killed in a coup.

September 18: The United Nations accepts East and West Germany as member nations.

October 6: A war between Israel and both Egypt along the Suez Canal and Syria along the Golan Heights begins.

October 10: Spiro Agnew resigns as vice president of the United States after pleading nolo contendere to a count of tax-evasion.

October 17: OPEC begins its oil embargo against the West.

October 24: Their militaries demoralized and decimated, Egypt and Syria accept a United Nations cease-fire agreement ending the 2nd Arab-Israeli war.

December 3: The first close-up color photos of Jupiter are transferred from Pioneer 10.

December 6: Confirmed by the Senate, Gerald R. Ford becomes the first unelected vice-president of the United States.

 

Events of 1973

OPEC

•Arab members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), announce they will restrict flow of crude oil to countries supporting Israel on October 17th causing price of oil to increase by 200%

U.S.

•Alaska Oil Pipeline bill is passed to allow construction of a pipeline to access oil from the North Slope of Alaska

U.S.

•Roe v. Wade makes abortion a US constitutional right

European Union

•Britain, Ireland and Denmark join the EEC

Netherlands

•The Netherlands holds a number of car free Sunday's during the oil crisis to conserve oil.

U.S.

•Chrysler and other US car makers close a number of plants affecting 100,000 workers

Vietnam

•US Troops withdrawn from Vietnam and U.S. involvement in Vietnam War ends with the signing of peace

U.S.

•World Trade Center in New York becomes the tallest building in the world

U.S.

•Supreme Court of the United States rules on Roe v. Wade. January 22nd

UK

•IRA bombs explode in King's Cross and Euston station on September 10th , the Whitehall, the Old Bailey and Manchester city center.

U.S.

•Watergate Hearings begin in the United States Senate and President Richard Nixon tells the nation, “I am not a crook.”

Israel

•Yom Kippur War - Fourth and largest Arab-Israeli conflict begins as Egyptian and Syrian forces attack Israel

Australia

•Sydney Opera House is opened

U.S.

•Armed members of the American Indian Movement and their supporters seize the old town of Wounded Knee in South Dakota

Spain

•Basque Terrorists Kill Spanish Prime Minister

U.S.

•In a Tennis Match billed as the “Battle of the Sexes,” Mrs. Billy Jean King defeats Bobby Riggs

UK

•In the UK, as a result of high coal and oil prices, the Three-Day Week officially comes into force.

Belize

•Belize Gains Independence From Great Britain

U.S.

•Secretariat Wins Triple Crown first winner for 25 years

U.S.

•The wide ranging Endangered Species Act of 1973 is signed into law to "protect species and the ecosystems upon which they depend."

Bahamas

•The Bahamas Gains Independence From Great Britain

U.S.

•The Mississippi River reaches its peak level in St. Louis during a record 77-day flood.

 

Technology

•Skylab, the United States' first space station, is launched

•Concorde cuts flying time across the Atlantic in half flying at average speed of 954 mph

•The Sears Tower opens in Chicago

Technological Advancements

Jetski or Personal Watercraft USA Clayton Jacobson II manufactured by Kawasaki 

Air Bags were first used by the public in the Oldsmobile Toronado.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is designed and in 1983 it becomes the standard for communicating between computers over the Internet. Background: Computers and Internet

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), the technology behind MRI scanning, is developed.

Skylab, the first American space station, is launched (May 14). Background: Space Exploration

Genetic Engineering developed by S Cohen and H Boyer 

Barcode scanning developed

Optical Fiber developed